The flag which was invisible before March first of 1919 is now very clear. In as much as this proclamation originates from our five-thousand-year history, in as much as it springs from the loyalty of twenty million people, in as much as it affirms our yearning for the advancement of everlasting liberty, in as much as it expresses our desire to take part in the global reform rooted in human conscience, it is the solemn will of heaven, the great tide of our age, and a just act necessary for the co-existence of all humankind. March 1, 1919 is one of the most important dates in modern Korean history and its spirit continues to live on every March 1st when the streets of Korea are filled with national flags. [1], Former Emperor Gojong died on January 21, 1919. Fun tips, lessons, and articles on Korean language and culture, ©2013-2020 90 Day Languages LLC - All Rights Reserved. This is the day to remember an important day of our history when people stood up for Japanese government during the Japanese ruling. And just at the right time, Korean students issued the February 8th Independence Declaration in Tokyo, Japan. The leaders of the movement signed the document and sent a copy to the Governor General. It also influenced the growth of nonviolent resistance in India and many other countries. It’s the observance of March 1 Movement Day (삼일절), commemorating a day in which Koreans openly resisted the occupation by the Japanese and fought for their independence. South Koreans lit torches and took part in a massive parade in the streets of Seoul to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the March First Independence Movement against Japanese colonial rule. [10], The United States did not pay substantial attention to these individuals, and the delegation was blocked from official participation as Korea was classified as a Japanese colony. Now nothing remains but a huge heap of broken tile, dirt, and brick. Korea celebrates Independence Day on Aug. 15, known as "Gwangbokjeol," which literally translates into "bringing back the light" in Korean. In Korean, Korean Independence Day is called 광복절(Gwangbokjeol), which means ‘Restoration of Light Day’. Political officials, both Korean and Japanese, were arrogant. Acts of Japanese torture and barbarism. From March 1 to April 11, Japanese officials reported 553 people killed, and more than 12,000 arrested. It has been called Korea’s “Easter Rising” (after the 1916 Irish rebellion against British rule) and holds a powerful significance for Koreans as a day to celebrate its nation’s independence from all foreign powers. No special treatment for the Korean upper class or scholars. The military police were replaced by a civilian force. In China, Korean independence activists built ties with the National Government of the Republic of China which supported the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (KPG), as a government in ex… Dates for Independence Movement Day - South Korea, 2021, 2022 and other years. This we proclaim to our descendants so that they may enjoy in perpetuity their inherent right to nationhood. Judging that it was an opportune moment to inform the world of the Korean people ’ s determination to regain national independence, Korean religious people and students started making preparations for the independence movement. "[7], However, as manifested at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, Wilson was not interested in challenging global power relations. Buttocks beaten into mesh with 90 blows of bamboo. They encountered visa problems and feared that the delegates may not be allowed to reenter the United States. By Evangeline See. The National Liberation Day of Korea is a holiday celebrated annually on 15 August in both South and North Korea.It commemorates Victory over Japan Day, when at the end of World War II, the U.S. and Soviet forces helped end 35 years of Japanese occupation and colonial rule of Korea that lasted from 1910-1945. True independence did not come until after World War II, but March 1st Movement Day looks back to these early struggles for freedom lest they be forgotten. Included in this delegation was Kim Kyu-sik (김규식), a representative from the Korean Provisional Government in Shanghai. The leg of a Korean is beaten flat after being shot at. . [ 5 ] to Japanese military rule in Korea and hands-on are! Effort, he managed to arrange passage with members of the Movement 12 months later, approximately 2,000,000 Koreans participated! 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