“For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: 19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.” Rev 22:18,19. Codex Bezae (D). Drs. Assigns to each Greek word one unique English meaning. This text was then used to produce the Revised Version 1881 and the American Standard Version 1901. Grand Rapids International Publications, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 49501, Pastor R. W. Shekner, Comparisons, Anchor Publications (anchorbooksandtracts.com), Taylor and Young, Distorted Scripture, Anchor Publications (anchorbooksandtracts.com), G. A. Riplinger New Age Bible Versions A V Publications, Box 388 Munroe Falls, Ohio, "The two most popular Greek manuscripts today, Nestles-Aland and UBS (United Bible Society), differ very little from the Westcott and Hort text. 2) They denied the Genesis account of creation and questioned whether Eden ever existed……Instead they praised Darwin’s 1859 theory of evolution. . Textus Receptus) presented a huge dilemma for Westcott and Hort. But if you have a NIV Bible, between verses 8 and 9 there is a line and a large space along with this caption in brackets: [The earliest manuscripts and some other ancient witnesses do not have Mark 16:9-20]. Westcott and Hort built upon the foundation established by their predecessors, such as Griesbach, Lachmann, and Tischendorf. Westcott and Hort adapted the textual theories of these men into their own unique blend, and their Greek New Testament represented the first popular departure from the Greek Received Text. The KJV is based on a Greek New Testament text called the Textus Receptus, first published by Desiderius Erasmus in 1516 and subsequently revised by a number of scholars. For example in 196… It is clear that the modern movement to revise the English Bible is based completely on the works of Westcott and Hort. Now we have said that 99.9% of those 5000+ manuscripts agree with each other almost perfectly, but what about the other .1%??? The Heretics Behind the Modern Bible Versions. No mere mortal dare add to, or subtract from God’s Word (the last chapter in Revelation teaches this). These are commonly called the MINORITY TEXTS, but they are also known to many as the corrupted manuscripts. However the majority of these manuscripts agree with each other almost perfectly. Masoretic Text, Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament (based on Westcott-Hort, Weiss and Tischendorf, 1862). Westcott, Hort, and Blavatsky are all forerunners of the modern day New Age movement which aims at one world religion. The whole problem with textual criticism is that man becomes the judge of what belongs in the Bible and what doesn’t. Fully steeped in the Alexandrian philosophy that "there is no perfect Bible", they had a vicious distaste for the King James Bible and its … This article may not be written by an Apostolic author, but it contains many excellent principles and concepts that can be adapted to most churches. The material is copyrighted and should not be reprinted under any other name or author. Now take your Bibles and look at Mark 16:9-20. But what does this mean and is it important? . Likewise we dare never put confidence in man. Sinai) in 1844 by Constantin von Tischendorf. All modern Bibles of the day have therefore not been translated from the 5000+ Majority text, but from the 5 disagreeing witnesses. Greek Bibles $ 14.90. On one side, their supporters have heralded them as great men of God, having greatly advanced the search for the original Greek text. For the reader of the NIV this note in brackets must at least cause doubt to enter one’s mind as to the authenticity of these verses. Throw away the bones.”. Add to cart. The one who writes “the earliest manuscripts…..” is the man we call a textual critic. Since its publication in 1881, Westcott and Hort’s work has proved to be impressively accurate, though far from perfect. Instead of simply translating what the majority of witnesses agree to, they translate from their own fancy, the false witness of the five. Riplinger’s New Age Bible Versions, and Mr. Joseph Van Beek’s tract, KJV vs NIV. For obvious reasons, the Textus Receptus is also referred to as the "Majority Text" since the majority (95% or more) of existing manuscripts support this reading. The NIV (and others) is taken from the five Minority texts, which do not agree. Even a brief comparison of passages between the NIV and KJV will yield useful information. There had always been a challenge from Roman Catholicism, but this challenge came from men who were officially Protestants: Church of England Bishop Brooke Foss Westcott and Cambridge University Professor Fenton John Anthony Hort.The heart of the Wescott and Hort theory was that the New Testament was preserved in almost perfect condition in two Greek texts, the Vaticanus and the Sinaticus. The resulting "The New Testament in the Original Greek" was published in 1881, as was the Revised Version based upon it. John 8? . The word MANUSCRIPTS is used to describe these copies or parchments which still exist. So our modern Bibles today have been translated by men who make themselves judges. After this bracket in the NIV they then list verses 9-20 (Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids Michigan, Copyright 1986, 1992, pg 1104). To understand Westcott and Hort, you must first understand textual criticism. Any modern translation that is based upon Westcott and Hort’s Greek text cannot be trusted, for it is based upon five manuscripts which do not even agree with one other. However, this material may be freely used for personal study or research purposes. It is comparable to a judge with a criminal past, making a judgment based upon the witness of five liars, and at the same time ignoring the unified witness of over 5000 men. Textual criticism is flawed because man’s judgment is by nature flawed with bias. They determined to replace the King James Bible and the Greek Textus Receptus. Reproduced by permission. Hort and Westcott defended the inclusion of a Unitarian scholar on the Revision Committee. critical text and the majority text are close enough to the originals and to one another that God can work through either text to bring people to salvation 2:16, Col. 2:9). They are not aware nor concerned that almost all the modern Bible versions of our day are built upon the Greek Text of Westcott and Hort, commonly called the Westcott-Hort text. To Westcott and Hort, the King James Bible was clearly an inferior translation. Without thinking or looking deeper into the matter, they blindly assume that every Bible is the same. the Minority Texts (primarily the Westcott and Hort Greek Text, based primarily on the Codex Sinaiticus and the Codex Vaticanus). A statement made by W&H seem… The following are quotes of Westcott and Hort, found in Riplinger’s book. A textual critic is one who picks and chooses what part of whose story they will believe to be true. Isn’t it better to trust that God preserved His Word in the 5000+ witnesses rather than the five witnesses who do not agree with each other? The Scriptures are not to be privately interpreted. ...This was a sensational achievement, an impressive success. 30:8, 59:21, I Pet 1:23. Even the casual reader of the Bible, if he were to compare a modern translation (NIV) with the KJV, will easily find numerous differences between the two (Consider Revelation 1:11, Heb. “In 1841 an old manuscript (Codex Vaticanus) was discovered lying on a shelf in the Vatican library. An update to the 1966 Jerusalem Bible which uses more extensive gender neutral language Compares the 1550 Stephanus Textus Receptus with the King James Bible. We don’t even know what part of which text they used and where! The evidence was so strong supporting the text of the King James Bible they searched for some “magic rabbit” to … The Greek text followed by the Revisers was compiled and published in 1882 in an edition with the KJV and ERV in parallel columns (12). ... How Westcott and Hort rewrote history to fool the scholars. Most modern translations are based on the Nestle-Aland/United Bible Society (NA/UBS) text, published by the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft (German Bible Society). This Greek New Testament was the basis for the Revised Version of that same year. At this point we have entered the realm of “textual criticism”. Codex Ephraemi (C) The consensus however is they favored the Aleph and B text more than the others. This Majority Text was made from more than five thousand (5000+) manuscripts. Interlinear Textus Receptus Bibles shown verse by verse. The more recent translations such as the NASB and the NIV, claim to use […] This requires us to reach back in history to the days of the apostles, when the New Testament was written in the original Greek language – sometime between 33-100 AD. If we are to understand the foundation of the NIV, it is critical to understand that the NIV is translated from these five manuscripts above which do not agree with one another. I mean, a text issued by men who are already known for what will undoubtedly be treated as dangerous heresy will have great difficulty in finding its way to regions which it might otherwise hope to reach and whence it would not be easily banished by subsequent alarms. In the 1870's, a challenge arose in the English world to the primacy of the King James Bible. The New Testament in the Original Greek is a Greek-language version of the New Testament published in 1881. You could say that “Over five thousand witnesses agree, this New Testament is God’s holy Word”. Riplinger links the spiritualist teachings of Westcott and Hort to the occult teachings of Madame Helena P. Blavatsky who wrote the Lucifer magazine. Recension. Textus Receptus Bible chapters shown in parallel with your selection of Bibles. Westcott and Hort did what was unthinkable…..they picked through five Greek texts which did not agree with each other, and came up with a new revised Greek version of the Bible. 118:8 Putting our confidence in God and not man, it seems apparent our Lord has kept His promise and that His Word is faithfully preserved in over 5000 witnesses! Codex Sinaiticus (Aleph) They make themselves the judge. Few churchgoers realize that the most popular revision in churches today, the New International Version (NIV), changed its content by 38.8% between the NIV 1984 and the NIV 2011. As the old saying goes, “Eat the meat. You have to believe that their killers could be trusted. In Matthew 24:35 Jesus said, “Heaven and earth shall pass away but My words shall not pass away.” Isaiah 40:8 says, “The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the Word of our God shall stand forever.” See also Is. . ", E.C. The following is information is take from two sources, G.A. Modern Bible Versions, and Westcott and Hort Therefore it is unwise for the sincere Christian to readily accept modern Bible translations assuming them to be accurate and faithful to the Word of God. The Vaticanus was found in the Vatican library in 1475 and was rediscovered in 1845. It is also known as the Westcott and Hort text, after its editors Brooke Foss Westcott and Fenton John Anthony Hort. Since the original books of the Bible do not exist anymore, it becomes necessary to translate the Bible from copies of the original. Can his verdict be true? It is the foundational Greek text for the NET Bible. Hort did not have a single historical reference to support the idea that such a recension took place. Westcott and Hort themselves made this claim in their day, and it is … "For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men"-Jude 1:4. Included Modules. Assuredly his verdict will be against the six literal days of creation. The heart of the Wescott and Hort theory was that the New Testament was preserved in almost perfect condition in two Greek texts, the Vaticanus and the Sinaticus. 2:11-16). Modern Bible Versions, and Westcott and Hort (27-5), Simple Ways to Witness and Get Home Bible Studies (27-5), Issue 30-6: Calvary Pulpit – “Unfeigned Faith” By Joshua B. Carson, Issue 30-6: Guest Pulpit – “Prayers of All Saints” By Janice Sjostrand, Bible College Lessons – Acts – The First Church Martyr (30-6), Home Bible Study – 4 Traits of an Effective Small Group Discussion Question (30-6), Issue 30-6: Church Growth – The Role of Management in Church Growth, Issue 30-6: Pulpit Resources – The Way, The Only Way. Then they created the Nestle-Aland (NA) and the United Bible Societies (UBS) Greek New Testaments, which are based on the Westcott-Hort Greek Text. Colwell writes, "The dead hand of Fenton John Anthony Hort lies heavy upon us. The King James New Testament was translated from a different family of Greek texts. Translators of the Bible over the years have used these agreeing manuscripts to make what is called the MAJORITY TEXT. He dethroned the Textus Receptus. Readers of these new Bibles are quite unaware that they are reading the translation of a corrupt text. They believed that the true work of God in English had been held back by an inferior Bible. Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828-1892). This is to say nothing of the hundreds of church fathers who quoted their Scriptures in sermons, writings, etc., which also testify to the standard of the Majority text. May God enlighten us all to the truth through His Word. The King James Bible comes from the Textus Receptus (or Majority Text), but the New King James Version (NKJV) comes from the corrupt Greek work of Brooke Westcott and Fenton Hort (who used the corrupt Alexandrian manuscripts to produce their 1881 work titled, “The New Testament In The Original Greek”). In the court room they tell it to the judge as it is, yet when the judge hears each of their stories, the witnesses do not agree. There are different texts that the English translations of the Bible come from. Take, for example, five men who are eye witnesses to a crime. Hort lobbied (some would say intimidated) committee members to follow the Westcott and Hort text. Alfred Martin, former Vice-President at Moody Bible Institute, wrote in 1951, "The present generation of Bible students having been reared on Westcott and Hort have for the most part accepted this theory without independent or critical examination. Instead they used the corrupted manuscripts of the Gnosticism-Origen-Eusebius- Jerome-Augustine lineage.” (Joseph Van Beek‘s tract: KJV vs NIV, pgs 5 & 6), As to the personal beliefs of Westcot and Hort: 1) They never claimed or testified that the Bible was verbally inspired or inerrant. You have to believe that people who believed in the Deity of Christ often corrupt Bible manuscripts. Brooke Foss Westcott (1825-1901) was born at Birmingham and Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828-1892) at Dublin. Both found nothing wrong with the worship of Mary. It is sometimes called the Textus Receptus. The two editors worked together for 28 years. 44262. In my own NIV Student Bible (Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids Michigan, Copyright 1986, 1992), there is no mention of Westcott and Hort, but a mere reference to “textual criticism.” It should also be noted that the writings of John W. Burgon, Edward Hills, Benjamin C. Wilkinson will be greatly edifying. There are over 5366 manuscripts of the Greek New Testament. This was called the Lucian Recension Theory. If you have a King James Bible you see it is about the resurrected Christ,….quite an important part of Scripture. ", Zane Hodges, a long time professor at Dallas Theological Seminary, writes, "Modern textual criticism is psychologically addicted to Westcott and Hort. A majority of the modern English bibles, including the New International Version (NIV) and NASB, are based on this Nestle-Aland text, which despite having been "improved" 27 times to its current "27th Edition" in the last 56 years (by comparison, TR hasn't had to be updated at all in the last 400 years) still remains in essence, Westcott & Hort's. The very title implies that any other text is based on non-original sources. The Bible teaches “No Scripture is of private interpretation”. Protestant New Jerusalem Bible: NJB Modern English 1985 From the original Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek, with influence from the French La Bible de Jérusalem. The above article, “Modern Bible Versions, and Westcott and Hort” was written by Tim Pederson. Westcott and Hort state: " our belief that even among the numerous unquestionably spurious readings o Ignorant people are now saying that the Authorized King James Bible is wrong because they have believed the scholarship of these two blaspheming infidels. Westcott – “I reject the word infallibility of Holy Scriptures overwhelmingly.” Riplinger, pg 622, Hort – “Evangelicals seem to me perverted. In the early years of this century Kirsopp Lake described Hort’s work as a failure, ...But Hort did not fail to reach his major goal. “It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man.” Ps. They began their work in 1853 and completed it in 1881, working for twenty-eight years independently of each other, yet regularly comparing notes. They assume some are just more easy to read than others. The KJV, on the other hand, is based upon the Majority text, over 5000 witnesses agreeing. The conclusion is obvious. Answer: Brooke Westcott and Fenton Hort were 19th-century theologians and Bible scholars. They do not even agree with each other. Other names for the Majority Text are Traditional Text, Syrian Text, Byzantine Text, and the Common Text. Which Bible do you think is more reliable? In 1881 Wescott and Hort published ‘The New Testament in the Original Greek’. Christian Chat is a moderated online Christian community allowing Christians around the world to fellowship with each other in real time chat via webcam, voice, and text, with the Christian Chat app.You can also start or participate in a Bible-based discussion here in the Christian Chat Forums, where members can also share with each other their own videos, pictures, or favorite Christian music. Which group do you think would be more trustworthy? 3) Hort wrote, “The popular doctrine of substitution is an immoral and material counterfeit. Pastor Tobin Pederson, Reformation Day, October 31, 2007. ...if believing Bible students had the evidence of both sides put before them instead of one side only, there would not be so much blind following of Westcott and Hort. When their new bibles appeared in England and America in the late 1800's they were rejected. Codex Alexandrian (A) These 5000 agree perfectly as to what happened. They sought out contact with the spiritual world (talking with the dead, etc.). The history of naturalistic textual criticism. It is also called the ‘Westcott and Hort text’. For many advocates of the majority text view, a peculiar form of the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture undergirds the entire approach. Not only do we have 5000+ manuscripts which are nearly identical, but the Lord Himself promises us through His Word to preserve His Scriptures for the sake of mankind. We have been freed from the one only to become captivated by the other...The psychological chains so recently broken from our fathers have again been forged upon us, even more strongly. EXPLANATION: Brook Foss Westcott (1825-1903) and Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828-1892) were two non-Christian Anglican ministers. Clark writes, "...the Westcott-Hort text has become today our Textus-Receptus. In other words, the manuscript “Codex Vatican B” does not contain Mark 16:9-20. Westcott and Hort in turn, were rationalists in their approach to the textual problem in the New Testament and employed techniques within which rationalism and every other kind of bias are free to operate.". Westcott and Hort. Their premise is that the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture requires that the early manuscripts cannot point to the original text better than the later manuscripts can, because these early manuscripts are in the minority.Pickering also seems to embrace such a doctrine. Textus Receptus Bible chapters shown in parallel with your selection of Bibles. In Christ Jesus our Lord, In 1881 two prominent scholars, Brooke Foss Westcott and Fenton J. This Greek text had been in the works for 28 years, coming to light on May 12, 1881. His method of picking and choosing which verses belong and which verses don’t, is called the eclectic method. And what do we know about these men who made themselves the judges over God’s holy Word? In short, their theory suggests that for fifteen hundred years the preserved Word of God was lost until it was recovered in the nineteenth century in a trash can and in the Vatican Library. Do we listen to the 5000+ witnesses, or do we listen to the 5? For even more information, see this forum post. It was accompanied by an introductory volume, which gave the rationale for the choices made. The point here is simple. Simultaneously published with the RV was the Greek text of Westcott and Hort, two Cambridge scholars. We know the verdict and outcome before the trial is over. You have to believe that the Celtic Christians, Waldenses, Albigenses, Henricians, Petrobrussians, Paulicians, the Greek Orthodox Church, the Protestant churches, the Anabaptists and the Baptists all did not have the pure word of God. By the same token, most have rid themselves of the “ancient” King James Version and upgraded for a newer model, such as the NIV, or NASB, etc. Hort did not believe in the complete blood atonement of Christ for the forgiveness of sins, calling such doctrine “heresy”. Tobin Pederson, When it comes to the various Bible versions of our modern day, most readers assume that all Bibles are created equal, with perhaps differing degrees of readability. Westcott and Hort were spiritualists. )” Riplinger, pg 623, Westcott – “I shall aim at what is transcendental in many people’s eyes. Likewise, it is important to recognize that the English Revised New Testament which came out in 1881 was not directly based on the text of Westcott and Hort, although in many particulars they are the same. A. Hort, upon whose text the United Bible Society is based, which is the foundation for all modern-day translations of the Bible. In the 1870's, a challenge arose in the English world to the primacy of the King James Bible. In 1853 these two Cambridge professors, Westcott and Hort, began to prepare a Greek Text based primarily on the Vaticanus and Sinaiticus manuscripts. Chapter 8: Westcott and Hort - part 1. The climax of this restoration era goes to the immediate successors of these men, the two English Bible scholars B. F. Westcott and F. J. In 1844 part of another old manuscript (Codex Sinaiticus) was found in a wastebasket in St. Catherines’s monastery (the other part was found in 1859). He picks and chooses what belongs in the Bible and what doesn’t, based upon his education, beliefs, and ideals. Much has been written about them, but also their own recorded words shed light on their beliefs. Their names are as follows: The judge then listens to the other side which holds over 5000 witnesses. The Recension of The Biblical Texts. Brooke Foss Westcott (an Anglican bishop and professor at Cambridge University) and Fenton John Anthony Hort (also an ordained priest and professor at Cambridge) produced a Greek New Testament in 1881 based on the findings of Tischendorf. T here are many myths that are perpetuated today by the defenders of the modern versions, and one of those is that there is very little difference between the Received Text underlying the King James Bible and other ancient Protestant versions and the Westcott-Hort Greek text underlying most of the modern versions. Testament, testifies that the last 12 verses of Mark do not exist. Critics commonly charge that the traditional Bible text used by believers for 1800 years adds material, and that we should be thankful for Westcott and Hort who came along in the 19th century to restore the text of the New Testament that had been corrupt for 1800 years and during the entire reformation. The fact that the vast majority of the known manuscripts (over 99%) agree with the King James Bible (a.k.a. They passed by the Traditional Text (Textus Receptus) which was the text upon which the King James Version is based. Westcott, Hort, and Bishop Lightfoot pressured the committee to go beyond their mandate for doing a revision of the King James Bible. The Palimpsest Theory. Compares the 1550 Stephanus Textus Receptus with the King James Bible. You have to believe that people who deny the Deity of Christ never corrupt Bible manuscripts. Theme: Newsup by Themeansar. Codex Vatican (B) The NET Greek New Testament is a modern Greek text based on Westcott and Hort. Yes, that's a good example of how there is a difference in the way a manuscript is translated. KJV was translated from Masoretic Text (OT) & Textus Receptus (NT) and most other versions were translated from Biblia Hebraica (OT) & Westcott-Hort (NT). Brooke Foss Westcott (1825-1903) and Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828-1892) have been highly controversial figures in biblical history. Westcott and Hort were the original textual critics of their day. They are not aware nor concerned that almost all the modern Bible versions of our day are built upon the Greek Text of Westcott and Hort, commonly called the Westcott-Hort text. They started the “Ghostly Guild” in 1851 and before that the “Hermes Club” in 1845. The KJV is a straight translation from the Majority text. Thanks be to Him that His Word is faithfully preserved in the accurate translation of the King James Version. It must be replaced by a new translation from texts that they considered to be older and better. K.W. It is a critical text, compiled from some of the oldest New Testament fragments and texts that had been discovered at the time. They might argue, “My Bible says the “earliest” manuscripts do not have this verse!” But does this reader know of the thousands of other manuscripts which do contain this verse? The King James men used the Majority text (5000+) and simply translated it as is. Riplinger speaks much on this subject and also aligns them with the New Age movement. The KJV, on the other hand, is based upon the Majority text, over 5000 witnesses agreeing. Please note that neither Westcott nor Hort believed that the Bible was God’s Word. To learn more about Bible versions and the many problems with modern translations, consider the following: David Otis Fuller, D. D. Which Bible Grand Rapids International Publications, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 49501, David Otis Fuller, D. D. Counterfeit Or Genuine Mark 16? Verse Analysis. Dr. Visit the library for more information on the Textus Receptus. This text is tagged with Strong’s numbering. But we must remember that Bibles are translated by men, and thus corruption is possible. (The King James Version and New King James Version are based on the Textus Receptus.) There had always been a challenge from Roman Catholicism, but this challenge came from men who were officially Protestants: Church of England Bishop Brooke Foss Westcott and Cambridge University Professor Fenton John Anthony Hort. You have to believe that the Roman Catholics and the nineteenth century rationalists did have the pure word of God. They are the judges as to what belongs in the Bible and what does not. ©1987 by Samuel C. Gipp. Sinaticus was discovered in a wastebasket in St. Catherine’s Momentary (near Mt. Hort clearly had a bias against the Textus Receptus, calling it "villainous" and "vile". “When the modern Bible reader is asked if they are familiar with the two Textual Bible Critics, Westcott and Hort, most have never heard of them. The NIV, ESV and other modern Bibles are built on this corrupt foundation, which is why they’re missing many words that validate Jesus’ deity. The purpose of Westcott and Hort producing a Greek New Testament, based upon the Alexandrian manuscripts, was to begin the process of destroying America's churches. Together, they produced The New Testament in the Original Greek, one of the earliest examples of modern textual criticism. Westcott and Hort's The New Testament in the Original Greek – a critical Greek text based primarily on Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus. |
Not one of these manuscripts is exactly the same in Greek content. Whilst it is true that they used original sources, they omitted to tell readers that those sources were considered to be corrupt, by many centuries of biblical theologians, and so were not used for the famed 1611 KJV. You have to believe that people who died to get the gospel to the world couldn’t be trusted with the Bible. From Gipp's Understandable History of the Bible. Since 99.9% of these manuscripts agree, we can be comforted knowing that God has preserved His Word among us. This is the teaching of Scripture itself (1 Cor. In like manner, if a scientist is also an evolutionist and aetheist, do we need to hear his science before we know his verdict? Westcott and Hort supplied everyone working on the committee with a private copy of their new Greek text. (Hort’s letter to Westcott regarding their writing other things. A. Hort, printed their New Testament in Greek, later known as the Critical Text. Hort aggressively taught that the School at Antioch (associated with Lucian) had loosely translated the true text of Scripture in the second century A. D. This supposedly created an unreliable text of Scripture which became the Textus Receptus. So here is the dilemma when it comes to the “witness” of the Greek manuscripts. The HereticsBehind the Modern Bible Versions. The influence of their methods blackens and corrupts every modern translation of the Bible available (NIV, NASB, NKJV, NRSV, NAB, REB, RSV, CEV, TEV, GNB, LIVING, PHILLIPS, NEW JERUSALEM, NEW CENTURY, and the New Word Translation). It is generally believed that these were from the 50 that Eusebius prepared for Constantine. Christ never corrupt Bible manuscripts simultaneously published with the worship of Mary personal study or purposes. That their killers could be trusted Burgon, Edward Hills, Benjamin C. Wilkinson will be greatly.. ( 1825-1903 ) and simply translated it as is examples of modern textual.... 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